'A non-invasive XRF study supported by multivariate statistical analysis and reflectance FTIR to assess the composition of modern painting materials'

Aviva Burnstock, Francesca Rossi, Klaas Jan van den Berg, Costanza Miliani, Brunetto Giovanni Brunetti, Antonio Sgamellotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The palette used in two paintings by Paul Cézanne, L’étang des sœurs dated c. 1875 and La route tournante, made in the last year of his life (1902), were analyzed using non-invasive spectroscopic methods. X-ray fluorescence combined with principal components analysis (PCA) and supported by reflectance near- and mid-FTIR was shown to be a powerful analytical tool to draw conclusions about the chemical identification of inorganic materials in paintings. Pigments and fillers such us Thénard's blue, Prussian blue, red ochre, kaolin, vermilion, lead white, zinc white and barium sulphate, were identified. Evidence for three different pigments, namely a copper arsenite pigment, chrome green (a mixture of chrome yellow and Prussian blue) and viridian has been obtained by the PCA analysis of elemental compositions of green hues.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1655-1662
JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Volume71
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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multivariate statistical analysis
Painting
pigments
Pigments
Statistical methods
principal components analysis
reflectance
Principal component analysis
chromium
Chemical analysis
Barium Sulfate
Kaolin
inorganic materials
Barium
fillers
barium
Fillers
Zinc
Copper
sulfates

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'A non-invasive XRF study supported by multivariate statistical analysis and reflectance FTIR to assess the composition of modern painting materials'. / Burnstock, Aviva; Rossi, Francesca ; Jan van den Berg, Klaas ; Miliani, Costanza ; Brunetti, Brunetto Giovanni ; Sgamellotti, Antonio .

In: Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, Vol. 71, No. 5, 2009, p. 1655-1662.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Burnstock, Aviva ; Rossi, Francesca ; Jan van den Berg, Klaas ; Miliani, Costanza ; Brunetti, Brunetto Giovanni ; Sgamellotti, Antonio . / 'A non-invasive XRF study supported by multivariate statistical analysis and reflectance FTIR to assess the composition of modern painting materials'. In: Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy. 2009 ; Vol. 71, No. 5. pp. 1655-1662.
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